Category Archives: Powershell

PowerShell is a task automation and configuration management framework from Microsoft, consisting of a command-line shell and associated scripting language.

Linux Subsystem

Installing Linux Subsystem for Windows 10

Linux Subsystem Overview

The following video goes over installing Linux Subsystem on Windows 10. Most notably it allows you to run Linux terminal commands in Windows 10 without having a virtual machine or dual boot into a Linux operating system.

Enable Linux Subsystem Feature

cd ~
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux

Note: Perform in PowerShell

PowerShell Installation Method

Invoke-WebRequest -Uri https://aka.ms/wsl-ubuntu-1604 -OutFile Ubuntu.appx -UseBasicParsing
Rename-Item -Path ~/Ubuntu.appx -NewName Ubuntu.zip
Expand-Archive ~/Ubuntu.zip ~/Ubuntu cd Ubuntu ./ubuntu.exe

Microsoft Store Installation Method

  • Open the Microsoft Store
  • Browse to Ubuntu-1604 and subsequently click the Install button

In Closing

The Linux Subsystem is a welcomed addition to Windows 10 because most things that come from the Microsoft store are garbage. Above all using this will give you the ability to check out and compile many GitHub projects. It is now one of the first options I enable when I do fresh installs of Windows 10 due to the fact Linux is not practical all the time.

Leave any Questions and Comments below and I’ll get back to you. I regularly publish on YouTube, Steemit, and christitus.com so if you’d like to see more videos please like, subscribe, and follow me.

Debloat Windows 10

Debloat Windows 10

Debloat Windows 10 Overview

Trying to Debloat Windows 10 is getting ridiculous and as a system admin it is soul crushing to see all that performance go to waste on the botched attempt by Microsoft to do an Appstore and its apps (I’m looking at you Candy Crush). Luckily some admins have worked tirelessly to give us a solution that works considerably well. Lets Start!

  • Right Click Windows Button ->Select Powershell Prompt (Admin) OR Select Command Prompt (Admin)
    • Note: If you don’t have PowerShell and only command prompt open command prompt (admin) and type “powershell
  • Change Execution policy to allow a debloat script to run in Powershell
    Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted
  • Run the script from the following Github Repository. The person running this GitHub has been updating this script for a while and is a godsend. (Source: https://github.com/Sycnex/Windows10Debloater)
    Use Windows10Debloater.ps1from the location above

    • During installation select yes to debloat windows 10, select yes to remove OneDrive, and Yes to reboot after it finishes. Below is the image of performing these tasks.

The code below is the ps1 script and copied from the GitHub above on September 9th, 2018. I recommend you not to use this, but go directly to the GitHub above and download from there. It sees frequent updates and many things could have changed since this copy. 


#This function finds any AppX/AppXProvisioned package and uninstalls it, except for Freshpaint, Windows Calculator, Windows Store, and Windows Photos.
#Also, to note - This does NOT remove essential system services/software/etc such as .NET framework installations, Cortana, Edge, etc.

#no errors throughout
$ErrorActionPreference = 'silentlycontinue'

If (Test-Path "C:\Windows10Debloater") {
Write-Output "C:\Windows10Debloater exists. Skipping."
}
Else {
Write-Output "The folder 'C:\Windows10Debloater' doesn't exist. This folder will be used for storing logs created after the script runs. Creating now."
Start-Sleep 1
New-Item -Path "C:\Windows10Debloater" -ItemType Directory
}

Start-Transcript -OutputDirectory "C:\Windows10Debloater"

Add-Type -AssemblyName PresentationCore,PresentationFramework

Function Start-Debloat {

[CmdletBinding()]

Param()

#Removes AppxPackages
#Credit to /u/GavinEke for a modified version of my whitelist code
[regex]$WhitelistedApps = 'Microsoft.Paint3D|Microsoft.WindowsCalculator|Microsoft.WindowsStore|Microsoft.Windows.Photos|CanonicalGroupLimited.UbuntuonWindows|Microsoft.XboxGameCallableUI|Microsoft.XboxGamingOverlay|Microsoft.Xbox.TCUI|Microsoft.XboxGamingOverlay|Microsoft.XboxIdentityProvider|Microsoft.MicrosoftStickyNotes|Microsoft.MSPaint*'
Get-AppxPackage -AllUsers | Where-Object {$_.Name -NotMatch $WhitelistedApps} | Remove-AppxPackage
Get-AppxPackage | Where-Object {$_.Name -NotMatch $WhitelistedApps} | Remove-AppxPackage
Get-AppxProvisionedPackage -Online | Where-Object {$_.PackageName -NotMatch $WhitelistedApps} | Remove-AppxProvisionedPackage -Online
}

Function Remove-Keys {

[CmdletBinding()]

Param()

#These are the registry keys that it will delete.

$Keys = @(

#Remove Background Tasks
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.BackgroundTasks\PackageId\46928bounde.EclipseManager_2.2.4.51_neutral__a5h4egax66k6y"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.BackgroundTasks\PackageId\ActiproSoftwareLLC.562882FEEB491_2.6.18.18_neutral__24pqs290vpjk0"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.BackgroundTasks\PackageId\Microsoft.MicrosoftOfficeHub_17.7909.7600.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.BackgroundTasks\PackageId\Microsoft.PPIProjection_10.0.15063.0_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.BackgroundTasks\PackageId\Microsoft.XboxGameCallableUI_1000.15063.0.0_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.BackgroundTasks\PackageId\Microsoft.XboxGameCallableUI_1000.16299.15.0_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy"

#Windows File
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.File\PackageId\ActiproSoftwareLLC.562882FEEB491_2.6.18.18_neutral__24pqs290vpjk0"

#Registry keys to delete if they aren't uninstalled by RemoveAppXPackage/RemoveAppXProvisionedPackage
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.Launch\PackageId\46928bounde.EclipseManager_2.2.4.51_neutral__a5h4egax66k6y"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.Launch\PackageId\ActiproSoftwareLLC.562882FEEB491_2.6.18.18_neutral__24pqs290vpjk0"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.Launch\PackageId\Microsoft.PPIProjection_10.0.15063.0_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.Launch\PackageId\Microsoft.XboxGameCallableUI_1000.15063.0.0_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.Launch\PackageId\Microsoft.XboxGameCallableUI_1000.16299.15.0_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy"

#Scheduled Tasks to delete
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.PreInstalledConfigTask\PackageId\Microsoft.MicrosoftOfficeHub_17.7909.7600.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe"

#Windows Protocol Keys
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.Protocol\PackageId\ActiproSoftwareLLC.562882FEEB491_2.6.18.18_neutral__24pqs290vpjk0"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.Protocol\PackageId\Microsoft.PPIProjection_10.0.15063.0_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.Protocol\PackageId\Microsoft.XboxGameCallableUI_1000.15063.0.0_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy"
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.Protocol\PackageId\Microsoft.XboxGameCallableUI_1000.16299.15.0_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy"

#Windows Share Target
"HKCR:\Extensions\ContractId\Windows.ShareTarget\PackageId\ActiproSoftwareLLC.562882FEEB491_2.6.18.18_neutral__24pqs290vpjk0"
)

#This writes the output of each key it is removing and also removes the keys listed above.
ForEach ($Key in $Keys) {
Write-Output "Removing $Key from registry"
Remove-Item $Key -Recurse
}
}

Function Protect-Privacy {

[CmdletBinding()]

Param()

#Disables Windows Feedback Experience
Write-Output "Disabling Windows Feedback Experience program"
$Advertising = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\AdvertisingInfo"
If (Test-Path $Advertising) {
Set-ItemProperty $Advertising Enabled -Value 0
}

#Stops Cortana from being used as part of your Windows Search Function
Write-Output "Stopping Cortana from being used as part of your Windows Search Function"
$Search = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Search"
If (Test-Path $Search) {
Set-ItemProperty $Search AllowCortana -Value 0
}

#Disables Web Search in Start Menu
Write-Output "Disabling Bing Search in Start Menu"
$WebSearch = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Search"
Set-ItemProperty "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Search" BingSearchEnabled -Value 0
If (!(Test-Path $WebSearch)) {
New-Item $WebSearch
}
Set-ItemProperty $WebSearch DisableWebSearch -Value 1

#Stops the Windows Feedback Experience from sending anonymous data
Write-Output "Stopping the Windows Feedback Experience program"
$Period = "HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Siuf\Rules"
If (!(Test-Path $Period)) {
New-Item $Period
}
Set-ItemProperty $Period PeriodInNanoSeconds -Value 0

#Prevents bloatware applications from returning and removes Start Menu suggestions
Write-Output "Adding Registry key to prevent bloatware apps from returning"
$registryPath = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CloudContent"
$registryOEM = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ContentDeliveryManager"
If (!(Test-Path $registryPath)) {
New-Item $registryPath
}
Set-ItemProperty $registryPath DisableWindowsConsumerFeatures -Value 1

If (!(Test-Path $registryOEM)) {
New-Item $registryOEM
}
Set-ItemProperty $registryOEM ContentDeliveryAllowed -Value 0
Set-ItemProperty $registryOEM OemPreInstalledAppsEnabled -Value 0
Set-ItemProperty $registryOEM PreInstalledAppsEnabled -Value 0
Set-ItemProperty $registryOEM PreInstalledAppsEverEnabled -Value 0
Set-ItemProperty $registryOEM SilentInstalledAppsEnabled -Value 0
Set-ItemProperty $registryOEM SystemPaneSuggestionsEnabled -Value 0

#Preping mixed Reality Portal for removal
Write-Output "Setting Mixed Reality Portal value to 0 so that you can uninstall it in Settings"
$Holo = "HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Holographic"
If (Test-Path $Holo) {
Set-ItemProperty $Holo FirstRunSucceeded -Value 0
}

#Disables Wi-fi Sense
Write-Output "Disabling Wi-Fi Sense"
$WifiSense1 = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\PolicyManager\default\WiFi\AllowWiFiHotSpotReporting"
$WifiSense2 = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\PolicyManager\default\WiFi\AllowAutoConnectToWiFiSenseHotspots"
$WifiSense3 = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\WcmSvc\wifinetworkmanager\config"
If (!(Test-Path $WifiSense1)) {
New-Item $WifiSense1
}
Set-ItemProperty $WifiSense1 Value -Value 0
If (!(Test-Path $WifiSense2)) {
New-Item $WifiSense2
}
Set-ItemProperty $WifiSense2 Value -Value 0
Set-ItemProperty $WifiSense3 AutoConnectAllowedOEM -Value 0

#Disables live tiles
Write-Output "Disabling live tiles"
$Live = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\PushNotifications"
If (!(Test-Path $Live)) {
New-Item $Live
}
Set-ItemProperty $Live NoTileApplicationNotification -Value 1

#Turns off Data Collection via the AllowTelemtry key by changing it to 0
Write-Output "Turning off Data Collection"
$DataCollection1 = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\DataCollection"
$DataCollection2 = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\DataCollection"
$DataCollection3 = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\DataCollection"
If (Test-Path $DataCollection1) {
Set-ItemProperty $DataCollection1 AllowTelemetry -Value 0
}
If (Test-Path $DataCollection2) {
Set-ItemProperty $DataCollection2 AllowTelemetry -Value 0
}
If (Test-Path $DataCollection3) {
Set-ItemProperty $DataCollection3 AllowTelemetry -Value 0
}

#Disabling Location Tracking
Write-Output "Disabling Location Tracking"
$SensorState = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Sensor\Overrides\{BFA794E4-F964-4FDB-90F6-51056BFE4B44}"
$LocationConfig = "HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\lfsvc\Service\Configuration"
If (!(Test-Path $SensorState)) {
New-Item $SensorState
}
Set-ItemProperty $SensorState SensorPermissionState -Value 0
If (!(Test-Path $LocationConfig)) {
New-Item $LocationConfig
}
Set-ItemProperty $LocationConfig Status -Value 0

#Disables People icon on Taskbar
Write-Output "Disabling People icon on Taskbar"
$People = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced\People"
If (!(Test-Path $People)) {
New-Item $People
}
Set-ItemProperty $People PeopleBand -Value 0

#Disables scheduled tasks that are considered unnecessary
Write-Output "Disabling scheduled tasks"
Get-ScheduledTask XblGameSaveTaskLogon | Disable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask XblGameSaveTask | Disable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask Consolidator | Disable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask UsbCeip | Disable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask DmClient | Disable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask DmClientOnScenarioDownload | Disable-ScheduledTask

Write-Output "Stopping and disabling WAP Push Service"
#Stop and disable WAP Push Service
Stop-Service "dmwappushservice"
Set-Service "dmwappushservice" -StartupType Disabled

Write-Output "Stopping and disabling Diagnostics Tracking Service"
#Disabling the Diagnostics Tracking Service
Stop-Service "DiagTrack"
Set-Service "DiagTrack" -StartupType Disabled
}

Function DisableCortana {
Write-Host "Disabling Cortana"
$Cortana1 = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Personalization\Settings"
$Cortana2 = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\InputPersonalization"
$Cortana3 = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\InputPersonalization\TrainedDataStore"
If (!(Test-Path $Cortana1)) {
New-Item $Cortana1
}
Set-ItemProperty $Cortana1 AcceptedPrivacyPolicy -Value 0
If (!(Test-Path $Cortana2)) {
New-Item $Cortana2
}
Set-ItemProperty $Cortana2 RestrictImplicitTextCollection -Value 1
Set-ItemProperty $Cortana2 RestrictImplicitInkCollection -Value 1
If (!(Test-Path $Cortana3)) {
New-Item $Cortana3
}
Set-ItemProperty $Cortana3 HarvestContacts -Value 0

}

Function EnableCortana {
Write-Host "Re-enabling Cortana"
$Cortana1 = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Personalization\Settings"
$Cortana2 = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\InputPersonalization"
$Cortana3 = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\InputPersonalization\TrainedDataStore"
If (!(Test-Path $Cortana1)) {
New-Item $Cortana1
}
Set-ItemProperty $Cortana1 AcceptedPrivacyPolicy -Value 1
If (!(Test-Path $Cortana2)) {
New-Item $Cortana2
}
Set-ItemProperty $Cortana2 RestrictImplicitTextCollection -Value 0
Set-ItemProperty $Cortana2 RestrictImplicitInkCollection -Value 0
If (!(Test-Path $Cortana3)) {
New-Item $Cortana3
}
Set-ItemProperty $Cortana3 HarvestContacts -Value 1
}

Function Stop-EdgePDF {

#Stops edge from taking over as the default .PDF viewer
Write-Output "Stopping Edge from taking over as the default .PDF viewer"
$NoPDF = "HKCR:\.pdf"
$NoProgids = "HKCR:\.pdf\OpenWithProgids"
$NoWithList = "HKCR:\.pdf\OpenWithList"
If (!(Get-ItemProperty $NoPDF NoOpenWith)) {
New-ItemProperty $NoPDF NoOpenWith
}
If (!(Get-ItemProperty $NoPDF NoStaticDefaultVerb)) {
New-ItemProperty $NoPDF NoStaticDefaultVerb
}
If (!(Get-ItemProperty $NoProgids NoOpenWith)) {
New-ItemProperty $NoProgids NoOpenWith
}
If (!(Get-ItemProperty $NoProgids NoStaticDefaultVerb)) {
New-ItemProperty $NoProgids NoStaticDefaultVerb
}
If (!(Get-ItemProperty $NoWithList NoOpenWith)) {
New-ItemProperty $NoWithList NoOpenWith
}
If (!(Get-ItemProperty $NoWithList NoStaticDefaultVerb)) {
New-ItemProperty $NoWithList NoStaticDefaultVerb
}

#Appends an underscore '_' to the Registry key for Edge
$Edge = "HKCR:\AppXd4nrz8ff68srnhf9t5a8sbjyar1cr723_"
If (Test-Path $Edge) {
Set-Item $Edge AppXd4nrz8ff68srnhf9t5a8sbjyar1cr723_
}
}

Function Revert-Changes {

[CmdletBinding()]

Param()

#This function will revert the changes you made when running the Start-Debloat function.

#This line reinstalls all of the bloatware that was removed
Get-AppxPackage -AllUsers | ForEach {Add-AppxPackage -Verbose -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register "$($_.InstallLocation)\AppXManifest.xml"}

#Tells Windows to enable your advertising information.
Write-Output "Re-enabling key to show advertisement information"
$Advertising = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\AdvertisingInfo"
If (Test-Path $Advertising) {
Set-ItemProperty $Advertising Enabled -Value 1
}

#Enables Cortana to be used as part of your Windows Search Function
Write-Output "Re-enabling Cortana to be used in your Windows Search"
$Search = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Search"
If (Test-Path $Search) {
Set-ItemProperty $Search AllowCortana -Value 1
}

#Re-enables the Windows Feedback Experience for sending anonymous data
Write-Output "Re-enabling Windows Feedback Experience"
$Period = "HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Siuf\Rules"
If (!(Test-Path $Period)) {
New-Item $Period
}
Set-ItemProperty $Period PeriodInNanoSeconds -Value 1

#Enables bloatware applications
Write-Output "Adding Registry key to allow bloatware apps to return"
$registryPath = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CloudContent"
If (!(Test-Path $registryPath)) {
New-Item $registryPath
}
Set-ItemProperty $registryPath DisableWindowsConsumerFeatures -Value 0

#Changes Mixed Reality Portal Key 'FirstRunSucceeded' to 1
Write-Output "Setting Mixed Reality Portal value to 1"
$Holo = "HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Holographic"
If (Test-Path $Holo) {
Set-ItemProperty $Holo FirstRunSucceeded -Value 1
}

#Re-enables live tiles
Write-Output "Enabling live tiles"
$Live = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\PushNotifications"
If (!(Test-Path $Live)) {
New-Item $Live
}
Set-ItemProperty $Live NoTileApplicationNotification -Value 0

#Re-enables data collection
Write-Output "Re-enabling data collection"
$DataCollection = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\DataCollection"
If (!(Test-Path $DataCollection)) {
New-Item $DataCollection
}
Set-ItemProperty $DataCollection AllowTelemetry -Value 1

#Re-enables People Icon on Taskbar
Write-Output "Enabling People icon on Taskbar"
$People = "HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced\People"
If (!(Test-Path $People)) {
New-Item $People
}
Set-ItemProperty $People PeopleBand -Value 1

#Re-enables suggestions on start menu
Write-Output "Enabling suggestions on the Start Menu"
$Suggestions = "HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ContentDeliveryManager"
If (!(Test-Path $Suggestions)) {
New-Item $Suggestions
}
Set-ItemProperty $Suggestions SystemPaneSuggestionsEnabled -Value 1

#Re-enables scheduled tasks that were disabled when running the Debloat switch
Write-Output "Enabling scheduled tasks that were disabled"
Get-ScheduledTask XblGameSaveTaskLogon | Enable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask XblGameSaveTask | Enable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask Consolidator | Enable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask UsbCeip | Enable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask DmClient | Enable-ScheduledTask
Get-ScheduledTask DmClientOnScenarioDownload | Enable-ScheduledTask

Write-Output "Re-enabling and starting WAP Push Service"
#Enable and start WAP Push Service
Set-Service "dmwappushservice" -StartupType Automatic
Start-Service "dmwappushservice"

Write-Output "Re-enabling and starting the Diagnostics Tracking Service"
#Enabling the Diagnostics Tracking Service
Set-Service "DiagTrack" -StartupType Automatic
Start-Service "DiagTrack"
}

Function Enable-EdgePDF {
Write-Output "Setting Edge back to default"
$NoPDF = "HKCR:\.pdf"
$NoProgids = "HKCR:\.pdf\OpenWithProgids"
$NoWithList = "HKCR:\.pdf\OpenWithList"
#Sets edge back to default
If (Get-ItemProperty $NoPDF NoOpenWith) {
Remove-ItemProperty $NoPDF NoOpenWith
}
If (Get-ItemProperty $NoPDF NoStaticDefaultVerb) {
Remove-ItemProperty $NoPDF NoStaticDefaultVerb
}
If (Get-ItemProperty $NoProgids NoOpenWith) {
Remove-ItemProperty $NoProgids NoOpenWith
}
If (Get-ItemProperty $NoProgids NoStaticDefaultVerb) {
Remove-ItemProperty $NoProgids NoStaticDefaultVerb
}
If (Get-ItemProperty $NoWithList NoOpenWith) {
Remove-ItemProperty $NoWithList NoOpenWith
}
If (Get-ItemProperty $NoWithList NoStaticDefaultVerb) {
Remove-ItemProperty $NoWithList NoStaticDefaultVerb
}

#Removes an underscore '_' from the Registry key for Edge
$Edge2 = "HKCR:\AppXd4nrz8ff68srnhf9t5a8sbjyar1cr723_"
If (Test-Path $Edge2) {
Set-Item $Edge2 AppXd4nrz8ff68srnhf9t5a8sbjyar1cr723
}
}

Function FixWhitelistedApps {

[CmdletBinding()]

Param()

If (!(Get-AppxPackage -AllUsers | Select Microsoft.Paint3D, Microsoft.WindowsCalculator, Microsoft.WindowsStore, Microsoft.Windows.Photos)) {

#Credit to abulgatz for these 4 lines of code
Get-AppxPackage -allusers Microsoft.Paint3D | Foreach {Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register "$($_.InstallLocation)\AppXManifest.xml"}
Get-AppxPackage -allusers Microsoft.WindowsCalculator | Foreach {Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register "$($_.InstallLocation)\AppXManifest.xml"}
Get-AppxPackage -allusers Microsoft.WindowsStore | Foreach {Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register "$($_.InstallLocation)\AppXManifest.xml"}
Get-AppxPackage -allusers Microsoft.Windows.Photos | Foreach {Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register "$($_.InstallLocation)\AppXManifest.xml"}
}
}

Function UninstallOneDrive {

Write-Output "Uninstalling OneDrive"

New-PSDrive HKCR -PSProvider Registry -Root HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT
$onedrive = "$env:SYSTEMROOT\SysWOW64\OneDriveSetup.exe"
$ExplorerReg1 = "HKCR:\CLSID\{018D5C66-4533-4307-9B53-224DE2ED1FE6}"
$ExplorerReg2 = "HKCR:\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{018D5C66-4533-4307-9B53-224DE2ED1FE6}"
Stop-Process -Name "OneDrive*"
Start-Sleep 2
If (!(Test-Path $onedrive)) {
$onedrive = "$env:SYSTEMROOT\System32\OneDriveSetup.exe"
}
Start-Process $onedrive "/uninstall" -NoNewWindow -Wait
Start-Sleep 2
Write-Output "Stopping explorer"
Start-Sleep 1
.\taskkill.exe /F /IM explorer.exe
Start-Sleep 3
Write-Output "Removing leftover files"
Remove-Item "$env:USERPROFILE\OneDrive" -Force -Recurse
Remove-Item "$env:LOCALAPPDATA\Microsoft\OneDrive" -Force -Recurse
Remove-Item "$env:PROGRAMDATA\Microsoft OneDrive" -Force -Recurse
If (Test-Path "$env:SYSTEMDRIVE\OneDriveTemp") {
Remove-Item "$env:SYSTEMDRIVE\OneDriveTemp" -Force -Recurse
}
Write-Output "Removing OneDrive from windows explorer"
If (!(Test-Path $ExplorerReg1)) {
New-Item $ExplorerReg1
}
Set-ItemProperty $ExplorerReg1 System.IsPinnedToNameSpaceTree -Value 0
If (!(Test-Path $ExplorerReg2)) {
New-Item $ExplorerReg2
}
Set-ItemProperty $ExplorerReg2 System.IsPinnedToNameSpaceTree -Value 0
Write-Output "Restarting Explorer that was shut down before."
Start explorer.exe -NoNewWindow
}

#GUI prompt Debloat/Revert options and GUI variables
$Button = [Windows.MessageBoxButton]::YesNoCancel
$ErrorIco = [Windows.MessageBoxImage]::Error
$Warn = [Windows.MessageBoxImage]::Warning
$Ask = 'The following will allow you to either Debloat Windows 10 or to revert changes made after Debloating Windows 10.
Select "Yes" to Debloat Windows 10
Select "No" to Revert changes made by this script

Select "Cancel" to stop the script.'
$EdgePdf = "Do you want to stop edge from taking over as the default PDF viewer?"
$EdgePdf2 = "Do you want to revert changes that disabled Edge as the default PDF viewer?"
$Reboot = "For some of the changes to properly take effect it is recommended to reboot your machine. Would you like to restart?"
$OneDriveDelete = "Do you want to uninstall One Drive?"

$Prompt1 = [Windows.MessageBox]::Show($Ask,"Debloat or Revert",$Button,$ErrorIco)
Switch ($Prompt1) {
#This will debloat Windows 10
Yes {
#Creates a "drive" to access the HKCR (HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT)
Write-Output "Creating PSDrive 'HKCR' (HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT). This will be used for the duration of the script as it is necessary for the removal and modification of specific registry keys."
New-PSDrive HKCR -PSProvider Registry -Root HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT
Start-Sleep 1
Write-Output "Uninstalling bloatware, please wait. The first step is to identify and remove them via a blacklist, and then to use the whitelist approach."
Start-Debloat
Write-Output "Bloatware removed."
Start-Sleep 1
Write-Output "Removing specific registry keys."
Remove-Keys
Write-Output "Leftover bloatware registry keys removed."
Start-Sleep 1
Write-Output "Checking to see if any Whitelisted Apps were removed, and if so re-adding them."
Start-Sleep 1
FixWhitelistedApps
Start-Sleep 1
Write-Output "Disabling Cortana from search, disabling feedback to Microsoft, and disabling scheduled tasks that are considered to be telemetry or unnecessary."
Protect-Privacy
Start-Sleep 1
DisableCortana
Write-Output "Cortana disabled and removed from search, feedback to Microsoft has been disabled, and scheduled tasks are disabled."
Start-Sleep 1
Write-Output "Stopping and disabling Diagnostics Tracking Service"
DisableDiagTrack
Write-Output "Diagnostics Tracking Service disabled"
Start-Sleep 1
Write-Output "Disabling WAP push service"
Start-Sleep 1
DisableWAPPush
Write-Output "WAP push service stopped and disabled"
Start-Sleep 1; = $Debloat

$Prompt2 = [Windows.MessageBox]::Show($EdgePdf,"Edge PDF",$Button,$Warn)
Switch ($Prompt2) {
Yes {
Stop-EdgePDF
Write-Output "Edge will no longer take over as the default PDF viewer."; = $Yes
}
No {
= $No
}
Cancel {
Exit-PSSession
}
}
#Prompt asking to delete OneDrive
$Prompt3 = [Windows.MessageBox]::Show($OneDriveDelete,"Delete OneDrive",$Button,$ErrorIco)
Switch ($Prompt3) {
Yes {
UninstallOneDrive
Write-Output "OneDrive is now removed from the computer."; = $Yes
}
No {
= $No
}
Cancel {
Exit-PSSession
}
}
#Prompt asking if you'd like to reboot your machine
$Prompt4 = [Windows.MessageBox]::Show($Reboot,"Reboot",$Button,$Warn)
Switch ($Prompt4) {
Yes {
Write-Output "Unloading the HKCR drive..."
Remove-PSDrive HKCR
Start-Sleep 1
Stop-Transcript
Write-Output "Initiating reboot."
Start-Sleep 2
Restart-Computer; = $Yes
}
No {
Write-Output "Unloading the HKCR drive..."
Remove-PSDrive HKCR
Start-Sleep 1
Stop-Transcript
Write-Output "Script has finished. Exiting."
Start-Sleep 2
Exit; = $No
}
Cancel {
Exit-PSSession
}
}
}
No {
Write-Output "Reverting changes..."
Write-Output "Creating PSDrive 'HKCR' (HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT). This will be used for the duration of the script as it is necessary for the modification of specific registry keys."
New-PSDrive HKCR -PSProvider Registry -Root HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT
Revert-Changes; = $Revert
#Prompt asking to revert edge changes as well
$Prompt5 = [Windows.MessageBox]::Show($EdgePdf2,"Revert Edge",$Button,$ErrorIco)
Switch ($Prompt5) {
Yes {
Enable-EdgePDF
Write-Output "Edge will no longer be disabled from being used as the default Edge PDF viewer."; = $Yes
}
No { = $No
}
Cancel {
Exit-PSSession
}
}
#Prompt asking if you'd like to reboot your machine
$Prompt6 = [Windows.MessageBox]::Show($Reboot,"Reboot",$Button,$Warn)
Switch ($Prompt6) {
Yes {
Write-Output "Unloading the HKCR drive..."
Remove-PSDrive HKCR
Start-Sleep 1
Write-Output "Initiating reboot."
Stop-Transcript
Start-Sleep 2
Restart-Computer; = $Yes
}
No {
Write-Output "Unloading the HKCR drive..."
Remove-PSDrive HKCR
Start-Sleep 1
Write-Output "Script has finished. Exiting."
Stop-Transcript
Start-Sleep 2
Exit; = $No
}
Cancel {
Exit-PSSession
}
}
}
Cancel {
Exit-PSSession
}
}

Leave any Questions and Comments below and I will get back to you. I regularly publish on YouTube, Steemit, and christitus.com so if you’d like to see more videos please like, subscribe, and follow me.

PowerShell

Changing all file and folder permissions using PowerShell

Use the follow script for changing all file and folder permissions using PowerShell. I use this script when command line takeown and icacls fail. Obviously, run from an elevated PowerShell prompt or by typing ‘powershell’ from elevated cmd.


$folder = "\\homeserver\users\"
$users = get-childitem $folder

Foreach ($user in $users) {
$acl = Get-Acl $user.FullName
$acl.SetOwner([System.Security.Principal.NTAccount]"$user")
set-acl $user.FullName $acl -Verbose

$subFolders = Get-ChildItem $user.FullName -Directory -Recurse
Foreach ($subFolder in $subFolders) {
$acl = Get-Acl $subFolder.FullName
$acl.SetOwner([System.Security.Principal.NTAccount]"$user")
set-acl $subFolder.FullName $acl -Verbose
}

$subFiles = Get-ChildItem $user.FullName -File -Recurse
Foreach ($subFile in $subFiles) {
$acl = Get-Acl $subFile.FullName
$acl.SetOwner([System.Security.Principal.NTAccount]"$user")
set-acl $subFile.FullName $acl -Verbose
}
}

Powershell Script monitors Mining Pool Hub earnings

This Powershell Script monitors Mining Pool Hub earnings AND cryptocompare.com market values to make a unique dashboard showing a variety of information for the pool. The website has most of this information scattered around with no market values on the pool. For mining cryptocurrencies, miningpoolhub.com is one of the best out there with the auto exchange feature and frequent payouts. That said the website itself is very cumbersome, not user-friendly and doesn’t update often. This is mainly for advanced users that want to see stats in a PowerShell console, for most users I’d recommend miningpoolhubstats.com.

So if you are a user of miningpoolhub.com you need to copy your API key into the start of this script and also type your auto exchange currency of choice. My preferred is litecoin.

Here is a download link if you don’t want to copy this into a .ps1 file.
mphstats

$api_key = 'ENTERAPIKEYHERE'
$autoexchangecoin = 'litecoin'

$ScriptDir = Split-Path $MyInvocation.MyCommand.Path -Parent
$ScriptName = $MyInvocation.MyCommand.Name

function call-self
{
Start-Process -FilePath "C:\WINDOWS\system32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\Powershell.exe" -ArgumentList .\$ScriptName -WorkingDirectory $PSScriptRoot -NoNewWindow
EXIT
}

Function Get-LtcStats
{
Clear-Host
$base_url = 'miningpoolhub.com/index.php?page=api&action=getdashboarddata'
$URL = "http://$($autoexchangecoin).$($base_url)&api_key=$($api_key)&id="
$WebRequest = Invoke-WebRequest $URL | ConvertFrom-Json
$data = $WebRequest.getdashboarddata.data
$autoexchangesymbol = $($data.pool.info.currency)
$USDURL = "https://min-api.cryptocompare.com/data/price?fsym=$($autoexchangesymbol)&tsyms=USD"
$WebRequestUSD = Invoke-WebRequest $USDURL | ConvertFrom-Json
$usddata = $WebRequestUSD | ForEach-Object {$_ -replace '[\D-[.]]',''}
$24hourrate = "{0:N5}" -f $data.recent_credits_24hours.amount
$usddata = [float]$usddata
$24hourrate = [float]$24hourrate
$24hourincome = ($usddata*$24hourrate)
$24hourincome = "{0:N2}" -f $24hourincome
$lastcredit1 = "{0:N5}" -f $data.recent_credits[0].amount
$lastcredit2 = "{0:N5}" -f $data.recent_credits[1].amount
$lastcredit3 = "{0:N5}" -f $data.recent_credits[2].amount
Write-Host ""
Write-Host ""
Write-Host ""
Write-Host ""
Write-Host ""
Write-Host ""
Write-Host ""
Write-Host ""
Write-Host "`r`nStatistics for: $($data.pool.info.name)" -BackgroundColor Black
Write-Host "Current USD Rate of $($autoexchangecoin) is `$$($usddata)"
Write-Host "Estimated Balance:`t $($data.balance.confirmed + $data.balance.unconfirmed)"
Write-Host "24-Hour rate:`t $($24hourrate) $($autoexchangesymbol)"
Write-Host "24-Hour income:`t `$$($24hourincome)"
Write-Host "Last Credit 1:`t $($data.recent_credits[0].date)`t $($lastcredit1) $($autoexchangesymbol)"
Write-Host "Last Credit 2:`t $($data.recent_credits[1].date)`t $($lastcredit2) $($autoexchangesymbol)"
Write-Host "Last Credit 3:`t $($data.recent_credits[2].date)`t $($lastcredit3) $($autoexchangesymbol)"
}

Function Get-AllStats
{
$base_url = 'https://miningpoolhub.com/index.php?page=api&action=getuserallbalances'
$URL = "$($base_url)&api_key=$($api_key)&id="
$WebRequest = Invoke-WebRequest $URL | ConvertFrom-Json
$data = $WebRequest.getuserallbalances.data
$displayarray = @()
For ($i=1; $i -lt $data.Count; $i++) {
$assetcoin = $($data[$i].coin)
$walletbalance = $($data[$i].confirmed + $data[$i].unconfirmed)
$walletbalance = [float]$walletbalance
$exchangebalance = $($data[$i].ae_confirmed + $data[$i].ae_unconfirmed + $data[$i].exchange)
$exchangebalance = [float]$exchangebalance
$base_url2 = 'miningpoolhub.com/index.php?page=api&action=getdashboarddata'
$URL2 = "http://$($assetcoin).$($base_url2)&api_key=$($api_key)&id="
$WebRequest2 = Invoke-WebRequest $URL2 | ConvertFrom-Json
$data2 = $WebRequest2.getdashboarddata.data
$assethash = $data2.personal.hashrate
$assethash = "{0:N3}" -f $assethash
$exchangesymbol = $($data2.pool.info.currency)
$USDURL = "https://min-api.cryptocompare.com/data/price?fsym=$($exchangesymbol)&tsyms=USD"
$WebRequestUSD = Invoke-WebRequest $USDURL | ConvertFrom-Json
$usddata = $WebRequestUSD | ForEach-Object {$_ -replace '[\D-[.]]',''}
$usddata = [float]$usddata
$poolamount = $usddata*($walletbalance+$exchangebalance)
$totalpoolamount = $poolamount+$totalpoolamount
#Formatting Table
$poolamount = "{0:N2}" -f $poolamount
$poolamount = [string]$poolamount
$poolamount = '$'+$poolamount
$usddata = "{0:N2}" -f $usddata
$usddata = [string]$usddata
$usddata = '$'+$usddata
$exchangebalance = "{0:N5}" -f $exchangebalance
$walletbalance = "{0:N5}" -f $walletbalance
#Setup Array for Table
$objoutput = new-object psobject -Property @{
Coin = $assetcoin
Wallet = $walletbalance
Exchange = $exchangebalance
HashRate = $assethash
MarketRate = $usddata
PoolAmount = $poolamount
}
$displayarray += $objoutput

}
$totalpoolamount = "{0:N2}" -f $totalpoolamount
$displayarray | Format-Table Coin, Wallet, Exchange, HashRate, MarketRate, PoolAmount -auto
Write-Host "Total Amount on Pool: `$$($totalpoolamount)"
}

function Start-Sleep($seconds) {
$doneDT = (Get-Date).AddSeconds($seconds)
while($doneDT -gt (Get-Date)) {
$secondsLeft = $doneDT.Subtract((Get-Date)).TotalSeconds
$percent = ($seconds - $secondsLeft) / $seconds * 100
Write-Progress -Activity "Sleeping" -Status "Refresh in..." -SecondsRemaining $secondsLeft -PercentComplete $percent
[System.Threading.Thread]::Sleep(500)
}
Write-Progress -Activity "Sleeping" -Status "..." -SecondsRemaining 0 -Completed
}

Get-LtcStats
Get-AllStats
Start-Sleep(300)
call-Self # Restart the script
##### The End of the World as we know it #####
EXIT

Modify Office 365 Exchange Online Dynamic Distribution Group to exclude shared mailboxes

This shows you how to Modify Office 365 Exchange Online Dynamic Distribution Group to exclude shared mailboxes. I used the following PowerShell script to only send to user mailboxes that aren’t shared.

Connect to O365 in PS:
$UserCredential = Get-Credential
$Session = New-PSSession -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange -ConnectionUri https://outlook.office365.com/powershell-liveid/ -Credential $UserCredential -Authentication Basic -AllowRedirection
Import-PSSession $Session

Modify your Dynamic Distribution group with this command:
set-DynamicDistributionGroup -Name "[email protected]" -RecipientFilter {((RecipientType -eq 'UserMailbox') -and -not (RecipientTypeDetailsValue -eq 'SharedMailbox'))}
Verify in Exchange Admin Console

azure active directory

Force local active directory to sync to Office 365 with Azure ADSync

Use the following from an Elevated Powershell Prompt to force an AD sync to your O365 admin portal. You will be performing this on the server where Azure AD Sync is installed. When running this command you will need to wait 5 minutes before checking your portal to verify it is working. In larger environments this can take a longer time.

Import-Module “C:\Program Files\Microsoft Azure AD Sync\Bin\ADSync\ADSync.psd1”
Start-ADSyncSyncCycle -PolicyType Delta

Let me know in the comments below if you have any issues or this solution doesn’t work for you.